that IFUW and its NFAs should promote:
- acceptance of the notion that sexual violence against women is a form of persecution when it is by or with the consent or acquiescence of those acting in an official capacity to intimidate or punish;
- recognition that there may be a basis for granting refugee status where a government cannot or will not protect women who are subject to abuse for transgressing social standards, by considering women so persecuted as a “particular social group” within the meaning of Article 1A.(2) of the 1951 UN Refugee Convention;
- the treatment of women refugees as independent persons with equal rights to men. They must be fully informed of these rights; and
- the granting to women of independent refugee status.